Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) fails to properly handle Vector Markup Language tags. This vulnerability may allow a remote, unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable system.
Microsoft IE version 5.0 and higher supports the Vector Markup Language (VML), which is a set of XML tags for drawing vector graphics. IE fails to properly handle malformed VML tags allowing a stack buffer overflow to occur. If a remote attacker can persuade a user to access a specially crafted web page with IE, that attacker may be able to trigger the buffer overflow. In addition, an attacker could deliver an HTML email message or entice a user to select an HTML document in Windows Explorer.
On Windows XP SP2 systems the vulnerable component (VGX.DLL) is compiled with the /GS (Buffer Security Check) flag. However, exploits using techniques to circumvent the Buffer Security Check are publicly available.
Note that this vulnerability is actively being exploited.
A remote, unauthenticated attacker can execute arbitrary code on a vulnerable system.
Apply the update from Microsoft
Microsoft addresses this vulnerability with the update listed in Microsoft Security Bulletin MS06-055.
Until the update can be applied, consider the following workarounds:
Disable VML support
Microsoft Security Advisory (925568) suggests the following techniques to disable VML support:
Do not follow unsolicited links
In order to convince users to visit their sites, attackers often use URL encoding, IP address variations, long URLs, intentional misspellings, and other techniques to create misleading links. Do not click on unsolicited links received in email, instant messages, web forums, or internet relay chat (IRC) channels. Type URLs directly into the browser to avoid these misleading links. While these are generally good security practices, following these behaviors will not prevent exploitation of this vulnerability in all cases, particularly if a trusted site has been compromised or allows cross-site scripting.
Disable Active Scripting
Although this vulnerability does not require Active Scripting to be enabled, known exploits targeting this issue use Active Scripting to place malicious code on a vulnerable system. To block this attack vector, it is recommended that Active Scripting be disabled. For instructions on how to disable Active Scripting in Microsoft Internet Explorer, please refer to the Internet Explorer section of the Securing Your Web Browser document.
Read and send email in plain text format
An attacker may be able to exploit this vulnerability by convincing a user to open a specially crafted HTML email. Only reading email in plaintext will prevent exploitation of this vulnerability through email. Consider the security of fellow Internet users and send email in plain text format when possible.
If you use Microsoft Outlook, we encourage you to apply the Outlook Email Security Update. The update configures Outlook to open email messages in the Restricted Sites Zone, where Active scripting is disabled by default. In addition, the update provides further protection against malicious code that attempts to propagate via Outlook. The Outlook Email Security Update is available for Outlook 98 and Outlook 2000. The functionality of the Outlook Email Security Update is included in Outlook 2002 and Outlook Express 6. Outlook 2003 includes these and other security enhancements.
Configure Windows Explorer to use Windows Classic Folders
When Windows Explorer is configured to use the "Show common tasks in folders" option, HTML within a file may be processed when that file is selected. If the "Show common tasks in folders" is enabled, selecting a specially crafted HTML document in Windows Explorer may trigger this vulnerability. Note that the "Show common tasks in folders" is enabled by default. To mitigate this attack vector, enable the "Use Windows classic folders" option. To enable this option in Windows Explorer:
* Open Windows Explorer * Select Folder Options from the Tools menu * Select the "Use Windows classic folders" option in the Tasks section
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Updated: September 27, 2006
We have not received a statement from the vendor.
The vendor has not provided us with any further information regarding this vulnerability.
Refer to <http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/advisory/925568.mspx> and <http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/Bulletin/MS06-055.mspx>.
If you have feedback, comments, or additional information about this vulnerability, please send us email.
Group | Score | Vector
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This vulnerability was reported by Sunbelt Software.
This document was written by Jeff Gennari.
CVE IDs: | CVE-2006-4868
Severity Metric: | 46.28
Date Public: | 2006-09-18
Date First Published: | 2006-09-19
Date Last Updated: | 2007-03-21 20:22 UTC
Document Revision: | 72